Chapter 6: America’s War for Independence, 1775-1783

Review Questions

1. How did British General Thomas Gage attempt to deal with the uprising in Massachusetts in 1774?

  1. He offered the rebels land on the Maine frontier in return for loyalty to England.
  2. He allowed for town meetings in an attempt to appease the rebels.
  3. He attempted to seize arms and munitions from the colonial insurgents.
  4. He ordered his troops to burn Boston to the ground to show the determination of Britain.
2. Which of the following was not a result of Dunmore’s Proclamation?

  1. Enslaved people joined Dunmore to fight for the British.
  2. A majority of enslaved people in the colonies won their freedom.
  3. Patriot forces increased their commitment to independence.
  4. Both slaveholding and non-slaveholding White people feared a rebellion.
3. Which of the following is not true of a republic?

  1. A republic has no hereditary ruling class.
  2. A republic relies on the principle of popular sovereignty.
  3. Representatives chosen by the people lead the republic.
  4. A republic is governed by a monarch and the royal officials he or she appoints.
4. What are the main arguments that Thomas Paine makes in his pamphlet Common Sense? Why was this pamphlet so popular?
5. Which city served as the base for British operations for most of the war?

  1. Boston
  2. New York
  3. Philadelphia
  4. Saratoga
6. What battle turned the tide of war in favor of the Americans?

  1. the Battle of Saratoga
  2. the Battle of Brandywine Creek
  3. the Battle of White Plains
  4. the Battle of Valley Forge
7. Which term describes German soldiers hired by Great Britain to put down the American rebellion?

  1. Patriots
  2. Royalists
  3. Hessians
  4. Loyalists
8. Describe the British strategy in the early years of the war and explain whether or not it succeeded.
9. How did George Washington’s military tactics help him to achieve success?
10. Which American general is responsible for improving the American military position in the South?

  1. John Burgoyne
  2. Nathanael Greene
  3. Wilhelm Frederick von Steuben
  4. Charles Cornwallis
11. Describe the British southern strategy and its results.
12. Which of the following statements best represents the division between Patriots and Loyalists?

  1. Most American colonists were Patriots, with only a few traditionalists remaining loyal to the King and Empire.
  2. Most American colonists were Loyalists, with only a few firebrand revolutionaries leading the charge for independence.
  3. American colonists were divided among those who wanted independence, those who wanted to remain part of the British Empire, and those who were neutral.
  4. The vast majority of American colonists were neutral and didn’t take a side between Loyalists and Patriots.
13. Which of the following is not one of the tasks women performed during the Revolution?

  1. holding government offices
  2. maintaining their homesteads
  3. feeding, quartering, and nursing soldiers
  4. raising funds for the war effort


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