Chapter 10: Jacksonian Democracy, 1820–1840

Review Questions

1. Which group saw an expansion of their voting rights in the early nineteenth century?

  1. free Black people
  2. non-property-owning men
  3. women
  4. Native Americans
2. What was the lasting impact of the Bucktail Republican Party in New York?

  1. They implemented universal suffrage.
  2. They pushed for the expansion of the canal system.
  3. They elevated Martin Van Buren to the national political stage.
  4. They changed state election laws from an appointee system to a system of open elections.
3. Who won the popular vote in the election of 1824?

  1. Andrew Jackson
  2. Martin Van Buren
  3. Henry Clay
  4. John Quincy Adams
4. Why did Andrew Jackson and his supporters consider the election of John Quincy Adams to be a “corrupt bargain”?
5. Who stood to gain from the Tariff of Abominations, and who expected to lose by it?
6. What was the actual result of Jackson’s policy of “rotation in office”?

  1. an end to corruption in Washington
  2. a replacement of Adams’s political loyalists with Jackson’s political loyalists
  3. the filling of government posts with officials the people chose themselves
  4. the creation of the Kitchen Cabinet
7. The election of 1828 brought in the first presidency of which political party?

  1. the Democrats
  2. the Democratic-Republicans
  3. the Republicans
  4. the Bucktails
8. What were the planks of Andrew Jackson’s campaign platform in 1828?
9. What was the significance of the Petticoat affair?
10. South Carolina threatened to nullify which federal act?

  1. the abolition of slavery
  2. the expansion of the transportation infrastructure
  3. the protective tariff on imported goods
  4. the rotation in office that expelled several federal officers
11. How did President Jackson respond to Congress’s re-chartering of the Second Bank of the United States?

  1. He vetoed it.
  2. He gave states the right to implement it or not.
  3. He signed it into law.
  4. He wrote a counterproposal.
12. Why did the Second Bank of the United States make such an inviting target for President Jackson?
13. What were the philosophies and policies of the new Whig Party?
14. How did most Whites in the United States view Native Americans in the 1820s?

  1. as savages
  2. as being in touch with nature
  3. as enslaved people
  4. as shamans
15. The 1830 Indian Removal Act is best understood as ________.

  1. an example of President Jackson forcing Congress to pursue an unpopular policy
  2. an illustration of the widespread hatred of Native Americans during the Age of Jackson
  3. an example of laws designed to integrate Native Americans into American life
  4. an effort to deprive the Cherokee of their enslaved property
16. What was the Trail of Tears?
17. The winner of the 1840 election was ________.
  1. a Democrat
  2. a Democratic-Republican
  3. an Anti-Federalist
  4. a Whig
18. Which of the following did not characterize political changes in the 1830s?

  1. higher voter participation
  2. increasing political power of free Black voters
  3. stronger partisan ties
  4. political battles between Whigs and Democrats
19. How did Alexis de Tocqueville react to his visit to the United States? What impressed and what worried him?


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