Chapter 13: Antebellum Idealism and Reform Impulses, 1820–1860

Review Questions

1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the Second Great Awakening?

  1. greater emphasis on nature
  2. greater emphasis on religious education of children
  3. greater church attendance
  4. belief in the possibility of a better world
2. Transcendentalists were most concerned with ________.

  1. the afterlife
  2. predestination
  3. the individual
  4. democracy
3. What do the Second Great Awakening and transcendentalism have in common?
4. Which religious community focused on the power of patriarchy?

  1. Shakers
  2. Mormons
  3. Owenites
  4. Rappites
5. Which community or movement is associated with transcendentalism?

  1. the Oneida Community
  2. the Ephrata Cloister
  3. Brook Farm
  4. Fourierism
6. How were the reform communities of the antebellum era treated by the general population?
7. The first temperance laws were enacted by ________.

  1. state governments
  2. local governments
  3. the federal government
  4. temperance organizations
8. Sylvester Graham’s reformers targeted ________.

  1. the human body
  2. nutrition
  3. sexuality
  4. all of the above
9. Whom did temperance reformers target?
10. In the context of the antebellum era, what does colonization refer to?

  1. Great Britain’s colonization of North America
  2. the relocation of African Americans to Africa
  3. American colonization of the Caribbean
  4. American colonization of Africa
11. Which of the following did William Lloyd Garrison not employ in his abolitionist efforts?

  1. moral suasion
  2. immediatism
  3. political involvement
  4. pamphleteering
12. Why did William Lloyd Garrison’s endorsement of the Grimké sisters divide the abolitionist movement?

  1. They advocated equal rights for women.
  2. They supported colonization.
  3. They attended the Seneca Falls Convention.
  4. They lectured to co-ed audiences.
13. Which female reformer focused on women’s roles as the educators of children?

  1. Lydia Maria Child
  2. Sarah Grimké
  3. Catherine Beecher
  4. Susan B. Anthony
14. How did the abolitionist movement impact the women’s movement?


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