Chapter 31: From Cold War to Culture Wars, 1980-2000

Review Questions

1. Before becoming a conservative Republican, Ronald Reagan was ________.

  1. a liberal Democrat
  2. a Socialist
  3. politically apathetic
  4. a Herbert Hoover Republican
2. The belief that cutting taxes for the rich will eventually result in economic benefits for the poor is commonly referred to as ________.

  1. socialism
  2. pork barrel politics
  3. Keynesian economics
  4. trickle-down economics
3. What were the elements of Ronald Reagan’s plan for economic reform?
4. Which statement best describes Reagan’s political style?

  1. folksy and likeable
  2. conservative and inflexible
  3. liberal and pragmatic
  4. intelligent and elitist
5. What rationale did Phyllis Schlafly and her STOP ERA movement cite when opposing the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment?

  1. the ERA would ultimately lead to the legalization of abortion
  2. the ERA provided insufficient civil rights protections for women
  3. mothers could not be feminists
  4. the ERA would end gender-specific privileges women enjoyed
6. What were some of the primary values of the Moral Majority?
7. The group the Reagan administration encouraged and supported in its fight against the Sandinista government in Nicaragua was known as the ________.

  1. anti-Somozas
  2. Shining Path
  3. Contras
  4. Red Faction
8. The country that Iraq invaded to trigger the crisis that resulted in the Persian Gulf War was ________.

  1. Jordan
  2. Kuwait
  3. Saudi Arabia
  4. Iran
9. What was the Iran-Contra affair about?
10. Bill Clinton helped create a large free market among Canada, the United States, and Mexico with ratification of the ________ treaty.
  1. NAFTA
  2. NATO
  3. Organization of American States
  4. Alliance for Progress
11. The key state in the 2000 election where the U.S. Supreme Court stopped a recount of votes was ________.

  1. Florida
  2. Texas
  3. Georgia
  4. Virginia
12. What were some of the foreign policy successes of the Clinton administration?


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