Chapter 27: Fighting the Good Fight in World War II, 1941-1945

Key Terms

the policy of giving in to threats and aggression in the hopes that the aggressor will be satisfied and make no more demands
Big Three
the nickname given to the leaders of the three major Allied nations: Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin
conscientious objectors
those who, for religious or philosophical reasons, refuse to serve in the armed forces
June 6, 1944, the date of the invasion of Normandy, France, by British, Canadian, and American forces, which opened a second front in Europe
Double V campaign
a campaign by African Americans to win victory over the enemy overseas and victory over racism at home
Enola Gay
the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima
Executive Order 9066
the order given by President Roosevelt to relocate and detain people of Japanese ancestry, including those who were American citizens
a political ideology that places a heightened focus on national unity, through dictatorial rule, and militarism
the forced incarceration of the West Coast Japanese and Japanese American population into ten relocation centers for the greater part of World War II
Manhattan Project
the code name given to the research project that developed the atomic bomb
equipment and supplies used by the military
Rosie the Riveter
a symbol of female workers in the defense industries
zoot suit
a flamboyant outfit favored by young African American and Mexican American men


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