Chapter 4: Rule Britannia! The English Empire, 1660–1763

Review Questions

1. To what does the term “Restoration” refer?

  1. the restoration of New York to English power
  2. the restoration of Catholicism as the official religion of England
  3. the restoration of Charles II to the English throne
  4. the restoration of Parliamentary power in England
2. What was the predominant religion in Pennsylvania?

  1. Quakerism
  2. Puritanism
  3. Catholicism
  4. Protestantism
3. What sorts of labor systems were used in the Restoration colonies?
4. Which of the following represents a concern that those in England and her colonies maintained about James II?

  1. that he would promote the spread of Protestantism
  2. that he would reduce the size of the British army and navy, leaving England and her colonies vulnerable to attack
  3. that he would advocate for Parliament’s independence from the monarchy
  4. that he would institute a Catholic absolute monarchy
5. What was the Dominion of New England?

  1. James II’s overthrow of the New England colonial governments
  2. the consolidated New England colony James II created
  3. Governor Edmund Andros’s colonial government in New York
  4. the excise taxes New England colonists had to pay to James II
6. What was the outcome of the Glorious Revolution?
7. The Negro Act of 1740 was a reaction to ________.

  1. fears of a slave conspiracy in the setting of thirteen fires in New York City
  2. the Stono Rebellion
  3. the Royal African Company’s monopoly
  4. the growing power of maroon communities
8. What was the “conspiracy” of the New York Conspiracy Trials of 1741?

  1. American patriots conspiring to overthrow the royal government
  2. indentured servants conspiring to overthrow their masters
  3. Enslaved people conspiring to burn down the city and take control
  4. Protestants conspiring to murder Catholics
9. What was the First Great Awakening?

  1. a cultural and intellectual movement that emphasized reason and science over superstition and religion
  2. a Protestant revival that emphasized emotional, experiential faith over book learning
  3. a cultural shift that promoted Christianity among enslaved communities
  4. the birth of an American identity, promoted by Benjamin Franklin
10. Which of the following is not a tenet of the Enlightenment?

  1. atheism
  2. empiricism
  3. progressivism
  4. rationalism
11. Who were the Freemasons, and why were they significant?
12. What was the primary goal of Britain’s wars for empire from 1688 to 1763?

  1. control of North America
  2. control of Native Americans
  3. greater power in Europe and the world
  4. defeat of Catholicism
13. Who were the main combatants in the French and Indian War?

  1. France against Native Americans
  2. Great Britain against Native Americans
  3. Great Britain against France
  4. Great Britain against the French and their Native American allies
14. What prompted the French and Indian War?


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