Index

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A

Abstract object: 29, 30, 32

Aesthetic: 112, 247, 248, 249, 251, 254, 256, 262,

Agency: 63, 82

Agent: 77, 90, 91, 92, 99, 104, 128, 141

Agnosticism: 134, 135, 136, 139, 143, 151, 154, 226

Alienation: 135, 212, 213

Analogical argument: 24, 25, 26, 27, 31, 113, 117

Analogical teleological argument: 111, 112, 116, 117, 118, 119

Anarchism: 178, 206

Animalism: 70, 71, 78, 80 Animal ancestors argument: 71 Anti-foundationalism: 13

Apatheia: 241, 242

Arbitrariness objection: 93, 94, 98, 99

Argument from intuitions: 88, 89

Argument from moral responsibility: 88, 89, 90

Argument from mysterious causes: 91 Argument from ordinary language: 96

Aristotelian account of well-being: 164, 165, 166, 167, 170

Artifact: 111, 113, 114, 118, 257, 262, 263

Artwork: 247-263 (257 def)

Atheism: 109, 110, 125, 126, 134, 135, 136, 148, 192

Autonomy: 82, 156, 157, 161, 162, 163, 164

Axiom: 12, 13


B

Beauty: 242, 247-256, 257, 261, 262, 263

Begging the question: 9, 10, 26

Big bang: 85, 123


C

Capital: 203, 204, 205, 208, 214, 218,

Capitalism: 164, 183, 188, 202-215, 217, 219, 222

Capitalist class: 204

Cartesian view of mind: 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 34, 45, 52,

Chinese room: 35, 38, 39-45, 58

Common property: 185, 186, 194, 195,

Communism: 156, 174, 188, 203, 204, 207-213, 222

Compatibilist/compatibilism: 83, 84, 85, 87, 93, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99

Concentrated power: 205, 215, 222

Concrete particular objects: 29, 30, 32

Conditional statement: 147

Confirmation bias: 147, 148, 153, 154, 155

Conscious experience: 4, 18, 20, 21, 23, 26, 28-32, 35, 46-56, 70, 73

Content: 46, 249-251, 252, 256, 261, 262, 263

Contradiction: 71, 95

Copyright: 193

Counterexample: 11, 40, 71, 124

Counterfactual: 93, 94, 97


D

Deconstruction: 174, 179, 180

Democratic socialism/Social democracy: 218, 221, 222

Derived intentionality: 36, 37, 41, 46

Determinism: 80, 84-94, 96-99, 100, 101, 105, 107, 108, 226, 240

Dilemma: 57

Difference principle: 196, 201

Divine right of kings: 198

Dualism: 34, 51, 58, 59, 92, 107, 108


E

Easy problems of consciousness: 48, 59

Eddington’s two tables: 14, 17

Eliminativism: 35, 52

Epistemological: 62, 97, 101, 224, 245

Epistemic objection: 93, 94, 97, 98

Epistemic reasons: 135, 136, 140

Enforceable claim: 185, 188, 190

Enlightenment philosophy: 172, 248, 249, 254, 256

Enjoyment: 160, 186

Equality principle: 195, 196, 201

Ethics of belief: 143, 149

Eudaimonia: 164

Existentialism: 166, 169, 171

Expression (art): 258, 260, 262

External world skepticism: 4-7, 9, 10, 14, 16, 17, 32, 155, 240

Extrinsic property: 61, 77


F

Fine-tuning argument: 117

First-person conscious experience: 46, 48, 50, 53, 55, 56, 70

Fission problem: 67, 74, 78

Forensic concept: 62, 63

Form: 249-263

Formalist: 251, 252, 256

Foundationalist: 13, 17, 179

Four noble truths: 224, 229, 233, 245

Free market economy: 203, 217

Free will defense: 129, 130, 131

Friendship: 156, 161, 162, 193, 242


G

Grand narratives: 77, 174, 177, 181, 183

Gross domestic product/GDP: 216


H

Hard determinism: 87, 88, 98

Hard problem of consciousness: 35, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 55, 58, 59

Hasty generalization: 25, 26

Hedonism: 160, 161, 170

Heisenberg uncertainty principle: 100 High art: 258, 263

Homuncular fallacy: 37


I

Immaterial: 62, 107, 108

Incompatibilist: 83- 85, 87, 89, 90, 93-96, 107

Indirect response: 10Infallible: 158

Infinite regress: 37, 116, 119

Informational integration: 53, 54

Instrumentalism: 44

Instrumental value: 157, 162, 170

Intentionality: 36, 37, 41, 44, 45, 46, 58

Interaction problem: 35, 108

Interpretationism: 44, 45, 46, 58

Intrinsic property: 60, 61, 77

Intrinsic value: 157, 159, 162

Inverted spectrum: 18, 22, 23

Is/ought gap: 166


K

Knowledge: 5, 6, 11-16, 26, 35, 48, 49, 51, 58, 85, 86, 99, 101, 113, 145, 154, 161, 163, 164, 165, 168, 175, 229, 248


L

Language game: 12

Language of thought: 37, 38

Laplace’s demon: 84, 85, 89, 100, 165

Libertarianism: 87, 88, 98, 99, 105

Liebniz’s mill: 47

Locke’s labor theory of property: 198, 201

Logical problem of evil: 127, 128, 131

Logocentrism: 179

Low art: 258, 263


M

Market system: 206, 212, 213, 218

Means of production: 203, 204, 209, 210

Median household income: 214

Memory criterion of personal identity: 63-66, 69, 78, 79

Metaphysical: 17, 58, 59, 60, 61, 75, 76, 133, 136, 224, 226, 240

Mind-body problem: 35, 51, 58, 80, 107, 108

Mixed economy: 217

Modernism: 173, 260

Morality: 161-163, 170, 182, 194, 262


N

Natural object: 11-114, 118, 120, 257,

262, 263

Natural right: 185, 188, 190, 191

Newtonian physics: 100

Numerical identity: 60, 61, 65, 78


O

Objective view of beauty: 249, 251, 254

Objectivist theories of well-being: 156- 162, 164, 170

Ockham’s Razor: 34, 35, 51

Ontological: 101, 188

One god further argument: 109, 110

Original intentionality: 35-38, 41, 45, 46, 58

Other: 183

Other minds reply: 42, 44

Ought implies can: 89-90


P

Pansypsychism: 52, 54, 55, 59

Pascal’s wager: 139, 141, 149, 153,

Pastiche: 174, 175, 183

Performative: 182

Personal authority: 157, 159

Personal growth: 161, 163

Personal property: 210

Persistence question of identity: 60

Philosophical problem of free will and determinism: 81, 84, 93, 100, 101, 240, 246

Philosophical zombie: 20, 21, 26, 30, 32, 49, 57

Phenomenal facts: 50, 51

Physicalism: 34-38, 49, 50,51, 52, 56, 58, 59

Pluralism: 134, 136, 159

Possessive individualism: 197, 200

Postmodern novel: 178

Pragmatic argument: 140, 143, 149, 153

Pragmatic reason: 135, 136, 140, 142, 149

Price gouging: 215

Private property: 185, 191, 194, 201, 210

Problem of other minds: 18, 20-23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 240

Psychological question of personal identity: 61

Psychological continuity account of personal identity: 61, 66, 67, 68, 69, 74


Q

Qualia: 35, 46, 48, 50, 51, 53, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59

Qualitative identity: 60

Quantum physics: 84, 100, 101, 106, 173, 182


R

Reconstructed argument: 5, 20, 24, 114, 122

Reductio ad absurdum: 42, 47, 71, 94, 95

Reflective theory of art: 261

Religious exclusivism: 134, 135

Religious pluralism: 134, 136

Representation: 36-38, 44-47, 58, 68, 80, 250, 257, 258, 259-261

Representation theory of art: 259

Right action: 230, 231, 232, 233

Right concentration: 230, 233

Right effort: 230, 232, 233

Right intention: 230, 231, 233

Right livelihood: 230, 232, 233

Right mindfulness: 230, 233

Right speech: 230, 231, 232, 233

Right view: 230, 231, 232, 233

Romantic philosophy: 248-249, 254, 256, 258, 260, 262

Romantic theory of art: 260


S

Schizophrenic nature of contemporary life: 174, 177, 178

Sensate pleasure: 160

Skeptical scenarios: 3, 5-6, 8, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21

Slippery slope: 147

Simulacra: 174, 175-177

Social constructionism: 182, 255

Social democracy/ democratic socialism: 218, 221, 222

Socialism: 203, 204, 207, 217, 218, 220, 221, 222

Solipsism: 20

State of nature: 186-188, 206, 207, 222

Subjective: 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 26, 50, 57, 156-160, 161, 165, 166, 167, 169, 170, 249, 251, 254-256, 261, 262

Subjective meaning: 167, 168, 169

Subjectivist theories of well-being: 156, 157, 170

Syntactic machine: 40, 41


T

Taste: 247, 248, 249, 254-257, 258, 260, 261, 262

Transcendental argument: 89, 90, 98

Transcendent meaning: 165, 168, 169

Transitive relationship: 65, 78

Turing machine: 40

Turing test: 19-21, 23, 39-42, 58


U

Unmoved mover: 120, 124


V

Valid: 20, 116, 122

Valid argument: 20


W

Well-being: 156-167, 169, 170, 171, 218

Working class: 204

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Introduction to Philosophy by Matthew Van Cleave, Paul Jurczak, Christopher Schneck, and Douglas Sjoquist is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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